In the last 13 years, 13 livestock factories, most of them dairies, have been built in our area – see map of locations. Large livestock operations that confine animals year-round are called Confined Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs).
Environmentally Concerned Citizens of South Central Michigan (ECCSCM) is a 501(c)3 non-profit, organized to educate the public on the health risks and the environmental damage Confined Animal Feeding Operations have brought to our community and its watersheds. We developed this website to provide documentation on the pollution and to promote Sustainable Alternatives (buy local food & pasture-based meat--see sources). We support vanguard, responsible agriculture, farming that looks ahead to the next generations, preserves biodiversity, raises animals in a healthy environment, does no harm to its neighbors, enhances the natural assets of living communities, and protects our natural resources -- air, soils, groundwater, streams, and lakes.
As family farmers and neighbors, we believe agriculture must take responsibility for its actions in rural communities. CAFOs have failed us. They have damaged our farming communities, degraded our natural resources, and polluted our watersheds.
Nov 26 - Fall Newsletter just posted. Highlights: Medina Drain photos THEN (scum, creepy colors) and NOW(clear); Wolf Creek, Adrian-area CAFOs & Terrehaven violations.
BULLETIN: 7 Violations - Terrehaven CAFO, Wolf Cr Hwy near Adrian, was cited for multiple violations, including contaminated runoff from the feed storage and barns flowing into an undocumented “temporary holding pond,”contaminated runoff from the production area flowing “east toward an open field” and “west toward an open field, and eventually to a small pond,” clean stormwater from several buildings contaminated with production area waste. Woody vegetation was growing on the berms of the wastewater lagoon, which "can compromise the integrity of the lagoon liner by root penetration.”
Nov 23 - See results and total data from ECCSCM's 3 Water Monitoring Projects for 2013: Wolf Creek Watershed (River Raisin Watershed), and Medina Drain, Lime Lake Inlet (Bean/Tiffin Watershed). Medina Drain, in particular, shows recovery since the Vreba-Hoff shutdown. But what will happen when Milk Source LLC moves in with 3,000+ cows in Spring 2014?
2 Great Lakes reports both recommend a ban to winter application of manure in western Lake Erie watersheds. (THAT IS US). Read the full documents:
Oct 4, 2013 - Health risks to neighbors from Hartland Farms heavy manure application and emissions – see report sent to MDARD and DEQ by local Registered Nurse. Hydrogen Sulfide levels reached 1.2ppm (1,200ppb) in a neighbor's home. The neighbor at this residence is ill, receiving radiation treatments, and on Oct 5 was taken by ambulance to hospital with "extreme stress in breathing." New Mexico, New York, and Kentucky have 1-hour air standards for Hydrogen Sulfide of 10 ppb. This is 1,200 ppb inside a residence! The World Health Organization recommends exposure no higher than 10.6ppb over a 24-hr period. Where can neighbors go to breathe safe air? If not in their own homes?
Aug 31 — SOLD: ex-Vreba-Hoff/SMD CAFOs sold to Milk Source LLC of Wisconsin. See more details. The 3 Hudson-area CAFOS have been renamed: Hudson Dairy (on US-127); Camden Dairy (US-127 & Camden Rd); and Medina Dairy (Dillon Hwy).
Living a Nightmare: Animal Factories in Michigan
Untreated CAFO waste is liquified with clean groundwater – instantly polluted – then pumped to cesspits or holding "lagoons" until it is pumped again and injected or sprayed onto fields around Hudson (pop. 2500). Some manure makes good fertilizer. But too much manure, especially the liquid manure from CAFOs, is a major pollutant of soils and waterways. Animal manure and and animal carcasses contain many pathogens (disease-causing organisms such as Cryptosporidium, E. coli bacteria, Listeria – see a comprehensive list of pathogens and symptoms posted by the Environmental Protection Agency). These pathogens can threaten human health, other livestock, aquatic life, and wildlife when introduced into the environment.
When liquid manure enters streams or lakes, it is called a discharge. Discharges that violate Michigan's water quality standards are illegal.
CAFOs in this area, all of them, have discharged illegally. Since 2000, there have been 1,101 violations and discharges, many of them multiple-day violations, confirmed by the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality in the Hudson area (see violations list). A 100% failure rate in pollution prevention.
On the Local Pollution pages,
look at what we see around here every day -- waste-polluted water, silage
leachate runoff, drainage tile discharges, the destruction of vegetation
along streams, violations of manure management practices. Too bad the
photos aren't Scratch & Sniff!